Great Himalayan Trail 2020
This Great Himalayan Trail can rightly be said to be 'the mother of all trekker trails" the almost 1700 km long trail is moderately – stream high passes through world's highest mountain regions of Nepal. The 10 main GHT section features 3 nights in Kathmandu and a 128 days trek.
Kanchenjunga is the most easterly of the Nepal himals and forms a natural border with the Indian state of Sikkim. Increadible lush temperate rainforest surrounds the third highest mountain on earth, with its many sentinel peaks providing dozens of remote glaciated valleys to explore. In Nepal, the southwest face, south ridge and west ridge of Kanchenjunga from a massive horseshoe-shaped valley system around Yalung,and are rarely visited. The main trekking route heads to the mountains north face and Base Camp at Pangpema. The isolated communities of Olangchung Gola and Yangma are adventurous side trip destinations that can be used as bases to visit some of most far-flung corners of Nepal. There are many ethnic groups in the region, including Limbu,Rai,Sherpa and Lhomi as well as Tibetan nomads who cross the border to trade.
Sandwiched between Kanchenjunga and the Solu-Khumbu (Everest Region) this is perhaps the most stunning and challenging of the commercial trekking areas. The stardard rout to the base camp of the fifth highest mountain in the world, Mt Makalu,is reached after an arduous trek over the Kongma Dada to the incomparable Barun Khola valley. The Makalu-Barun National Park and Buffer Zone is also home to Rai,Lhomi and Sherpa people, but many think its really big attractions are the high, dangerous passes to the Everest region; Sherpeni Col(6180m), West Col(6190m) and Amphu Labsta(5845m).
The Everest Region, known locally as the Solu-Khumbu, is currently Nepal’s premier trekking location. Tens of thousand of tourists visit each year, mainly in the post-monsoon months of October and November; come out of season and the well-maintained trails are almost empty. This is a region where you can stop at any point for stunning mountain scenery that will rival anywhere and, of course, there’s Everest, the world’s highest peak at 8848m. Add the fafous hospitality of the Sherpa people, comfy teahouses snd plentyof culture and history and you can see why some trekkers keep coming back.
The Rolwaling lies beyond the western boundary of the everest region and the mighty TashiLabsta pass(5760m). Perhaps one of the least visited areas in Nepal, the mountains and valleys of this region offer unbridled opportunities for the remote trekker and mountaineer. Bordered by the araniko Highway (the Kathmandu to Tibet road) to the west, the Rolwaling also includes some excellent medium altitude trails over the Tinsang La and through Bigu Gomba. Tamang, Gurung, and Sherpa people offer a genuine welcome to any visitor. Consider adding a bungee jump at the Resort to your itinerary.
HELAMBU AND LANGTANG
Helambu and Langtang, to the north of Kathmandu, are perhaps the most convenient of all the trekking areas; it is even possible to begion your trek from your hotel door in Thamel. Any visitor to Nepal in April should see the rhododendron forests that cover the northern slopes of Helambu, which are only rivaled by those in the Kanchenjunga region. The Bhotia people here are just as friendly as the Sherpa elsewhere,and the intermingling with Brahmin, Chhetri and Newar people is a reminder of Nepal’s harmonious ethnic diversity. It is almost unbelievable that so few trekkers continue past Kyangjin Gompa to visit the Langshisa Glacier, or cross the Tilman Pass, where the mountains are just amazing.
GANESH HIMAL AND MANASLU
The Ganesh Himal and Manaslu lie in the geographical centre of Nepal and are perhaps the country’s best kept trekking secrets. Many would argue that the Manaslu Circuit is the best general trek the country has to offer, and for those wanting to immerse themselves in some wild, but not high-altitude, trekking then the Ganesh Himal is the place. Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Larke and Siar people blend to create perhaps the most ethnically, interesting series of valleys throughout the Himalaya. Add some majestic peaks, including Manaslu, the eighth highest mountain on earth, and these regions should be high on anyone’s list.
For many years the Annapurna were the most trekked region of the entire Himalaya, only now overshadowed by the Solu-Khumbu region. Despite some recent road construction work this is still one of the most beautiful and convenient areas of Nepal to explore. When you add the variety of landscapes that you’ll find in Naar, Phu and Tilicho it is easy to see that the region still has lost to offer.
Upper MUSTANG AND DOLPA
Mustang and Dolpa both lie in the ‘rain-shadow’ of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri massifs’ and are unique when compared to the rest of Nepal. Both regions are repositories of unchanged Tibetan culture, dating back at least 1200 years. Lush lower valleys lead up to an arid alpine desert and some of the highest permanent settlements on earth. Nomads herd yaks over windswept passes, and tales of sorcery and magicians are woven into everyday life.
The least developed of the trekking regions of Nepal are in Far West of the country; Humla,Rara,Khaptad and the Api and Saipal Himal. The local Khas and Chhetri people have rarely seen trekkers, so be prepared for a heartfelt welcome wherever you go. Logistics are a challenge throughout the region but the extra effort of organizing a trek here is the price you pay for authenticity.
Section 1: Eastern Nepal – Kanchenjunga to Thame
From the jhinsang La on the north side of Kanchenjunga the trail heads down past Kanchenjunga Base Camp to Ghunsa, then westwards over the Nango La to Olangchung Gola. Head northwest up and over the Lumbha Sambha, down through Thudam and along the Arun Nadi to Hongon. Climb back to the Tibetan border towards Popti Bhanjyang, but head west before the pass and then through the Saldim Khola and over the Barun Khola. Then past Makalu Base Camp and over the Sherpeni Col, West Col and Amphu Labsta to the Solukhumbu, where you cross the Cho La and the Renjo La to Thame.
Section 2: Central Nepal-Thame to Jomsom
Climb the Tashi Labsta and decend through the Rolwaling. Take the most northerly exit route towards Kodari, cross the Bhote Koshi and trek up to Bhairav Kund. To the northwest is a low mountainous region that must be crossed before crossing the Tilman East Pass into the Langtang valley. Descend to Syabru Besi, continue to Gatlang then cross the Ganesh Himal foothills to the Manaslu Circuit. Continue around to Dharapani then around the Annapurna Circuit to Kagbeni.
Section 3: Weatern Nepal- Jomsom to Hillsa
From Kagbeni head northwest into Dolpa via Chharka Bhot and then pick one of two routes; either westwards to Dho Tarap and Ringmo and then north to Pho, or alternatively, head northwest from Chharka Bhot to Shimengaon and then west to Pho. Then take one of the two routes to the Mugu Karnali Nadi valley and descend to Gamgadhi. From here there are two route options: the shorter is to Simikot and then to the Yari valley where the Tibet border effectively stops your trek; the other crosses from Gamgadhi to Rara Lake National Park, and then across minor passes to the south of Saipal and Api Himals and on to the Indian border on the Mahakali Nadi. The second route offers trail continuity, whereas the first takes you through the great Himalaya Range.
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